Journal of Power Sources, Vol.179, No.1, 351-356, 2008
Nonflammable electrolyte for 3-V lithium-ion battery with spinel materials LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 and Li4Ti5O12
The compatibility between dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP)-based electrolyte of 1 M LiPF6/EC + DMC + DMMP (1: 1:2 wt.) and spinel materials Li4Ti5O12 and LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 was reviewed, respectively. The cell performance and impedance of 3-V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/Li4Ti5O12 lithiumion cell with the DMMP-based nonflammable electrolyte was compared with the baseline electrolyte of I M LiPF6/EC + DMC (1: 1 wt.). The nonflammable DMMP-based electrolyte exhibited good compatibility with spinel Li4Ti5C12 anode and high-voltage LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode, and acceptable cycling performance in the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/Li4Ti5O12 full-cell, except for the higher impedance than that in the baseline electrolyte. All of the results disclosed that the 3 V LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4/Li4Ti5O12 lithium-ion battery was a promising choice for the nonflammable DMMP-based electrolyte. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.