Journal of Molecular Catalysis A-Chemical, Vol.310, No.1-2, 42-50, 2009
Immobilization of anionic iron(III) porphyrins into ordered macroporous layered double hydroxides and investigation of catalytic activity in oxidation reactions
The first generation anionic iron(III) porphyrin [Fe(TSPP)] and the second generation anionic complexes [Fe(TDFSPP)]. [Fe(TCFSPP)], and [Fe(TDCSPP)] were immobilized into three-dimensionally macroporous layered double hydroxide (3DM-LDH), using the direct reconstruction of 3DM-LDH from macroporous mixed oxides MOX or the anionic exchange on DDS intercalated 3DM-LDH. The macroporous layered double hydroxides were obtained at the surface of nanometric polystyrene spheres, which were synthesized by an inverse opal method. Polystyrene was removed after calcination in oxidizing atmosphere, nanostructured mixed oxides (3DM-MOX) were obtained, which after reconstruction give origin to macroporous layered double hydroxide (3DM-LDH). Following metalloporphyrin immobilization, the resulting materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), UV-vis (glycerin mull) spectroscopy, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR/FTIR), and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR). Results revealed that the complexes are either immobilized at the surface of the macroporous layered double hydroxide or intercalated between the layers, displacing some dodecylsufate anions. The obtained materials were investigated as catalysts for oxidation reactions, to find out whether they function as cytochrome P-450 models. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.