화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.111, No.5, 2625-2629, 2009
Copolymerization of Ethylene and Propylene Catalyzed by Novel Magnesium Chloride Supported, Vanadium-Based Catalysts
Two novel magnesium chloride supported, vanadium-based Ziegler-Natta catalysts with 9,9-bis(methoxymethyl)fluorene and di-i-butyl phthalate as internal donors were prepared and used in the copolymerization of ethylene and propylene. The catalytic behaviors of these catalysts were investigated and compared with those of traditional magnesium chloride supported, vanadium-based catalysts without internal donors. Differential scanning calorimetry, gel permeation chromatography, and C-13-NMR spectroscopy analysis were performed to characterize the melting temperatures, molecular weights, and molecular weight distributions as well as structures and compositions of the products. The copolymerization kinetic results indicated that the novel catalyst with 9,9-bis(methoxymethyl)fluorene as an internal donor had the highest catalytic activity and optimal kinetic behavior in ethylene-propylene copolymerization with an ethylene/propylene molar ratio of 44/56. Low-crystallinity and high-molecular-weight copolymers were obtained with these novel Magnesium chloride Supported, vanadium-based catalysts. The reactivity ratio data indicated that the catalytic systems had a tendency to produce random ethylene-propylene copolymers. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 111: 2625-2629, 2009