IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, Vol.54, No.7, 1728-1732, 2009
Multisensor Out of Sequence Data Fusion for Estimating the State of Discrete Control Systems
The fusion center of a complex control system estimates its state with the information provided by different sensors. Physically distributed sensors, communication networks, pre-processing algorithms, multitasking, etc, introduce non-systematic delays in the arrival of information to the fusion center, making the information available Out-Of-Sequence (OOS). For real-time control systems, the state has to be efficiently estimated with all the information received so far. So, several solutions of the OOS problem for dynamic Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) discrete control systems traditionally solved by the Kalman Filter (KF) have been proposed recently. This paper presents two new streamlined algorithms for the linear and non-linear case. IFAsyn, the linear algorithm, is equivalent to other optimal solutions but more general, efficient and easy to implement. EIFAsyn, the nonlinear one, is a new solution of the OOS problem in the Extended KF (EKF) framework.