Desalination, Vol.249, No.2, 672-676, 2009
Roles of sponge sizes and membrane types in a single stage sponge-submerged membrane bioreactor for improving nutrient removal from wastewater for reuse
Sponge not only can reduce membrane fouling by means of mechanical cleaning and maintain a balance of suspended-attached microorganisms in submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR). but also can enhance dissolved organic matter and nutrient removal. This study investigated the performance of three different sizes of sponge (S28-30/45R, S28-30/60R and S28-30/90R) associated with continuous aerated SMBR. A laboratory-scale single stage sponge-SMBR (SSMBR) showed high performance for removing dissolved organic matter (>96%) and PO4-P (>98.8), while coarse sponges such as S28-30/45R, S28-30/60R could achieve more than 99% removal of NH4-N. When three-size sponges (S28-30/45R, S28-30/60R and S28-30/90R) were mixed at a ratio of 1:1:1 and in conjunction with two kinds of membranes (0.1 mu m hollow fiber and 2 mu m nonwoven), the SSMBR system has proved its generic merits of superior treated effluent quality and less membrane fouling. The NH4-N and PO4-P removal were found excellent, which were more than 99.8% and over 99% respectively. Molecular weight distribution also indicated that major fractions of organic matter could be successfully removed by SSMBR. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Biological nutrient removal;Sponge-submerged membrane bioreactor (SSMBR);Fouling control;Hollow fiber membrane;Nonwoven membrane;Wastewater treatment for reuse