Desalination, Vol.249, No.2, 660-666, 2009
Investigation of two ultrafiltration membranes for treatment of olive oil mill wastewater
In this study, a promising treatment method is given for the olive oil mill wastewater (OMWW). Although the same steps of this method have been used in different studies before, flow scheme is novel. The membrane filtration of pretreated OMWW was investigated by using two ultrafiltration membranes in this study. Pretreatment steps were pH adjustment (pH = 2) and cartridge filter filtration, and pH adjustment (pH = 6) and cartridge filter filtration. Each step of cartridge filter filtration was batch process and effluent from the filter was recycled back to OMWW tank. Pretreated OMWW was sent to feed vessel of experimental set-up. Recovery of olive oil in the OMWW was realized collecting it from the top of pretreated OMWW. Ultrafiltration membranes used were JW and MW membranes supplied by Osmonics. The effects of main operating parameters (transmembrane pressure, feed flow rate, pH and membrane type) on the permeate flux and membrane fouling were examined. The effectiveness of the different membranes and operating conditions was evaluated using retention coefficients calculated from COD and TOC of experimental studies. The highest permeate flux (25.9 l/m(2) h) was obtained using MW membrane under operational conditions of Qf = 200 l/h flow rate and TMP = 4 bar. while the highest removals were obtained at Qf = 100 l/h flow rate and TMP = 1 bar. COD, TOC, SS, oil and grease concentrations of MW membrane effluent were 6400 mg/l, 2592 mg/l. 320 mg/l, and 270 mg/l, respectively. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.