Desalination, Vol.249, No.2, 602-608, 2009
Humidification-dehumidification desalination system driven by geothermal energy
The work presented in this paper focuses on desalinating sea water system using a humidification-dehumidification process as it is supplied with water heated by geothermal energy as clean and renewable natural resources of energy. Computer simulation of the behavior under various working conditions of the desalination system was carried out to predict the variations of key output. Such variables include the ratio of sea water mass flow rate related to air mass flow rate. cooling water temperature difference across the condenser, geothermal source inlet temperatures to the heat exchanger and the amount of produced distilled water. To validate the computer program, a comparison between the experimental and theoretical results was conducted, and a good agreement had been obtained. The result showed that, the optimum value of the ratio between sea water mass flow rate to air mass flow rate was found to be in the range of 1.5 to 2.5. Improvement in the fresh water productivity at the optimum ratio of sea water mass flow rate to the air flow rate was observed by increasing both the geothermal source inlet temperature and the cooling water temperature difference across the condenser. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.