Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.17, No.2, 330-339, 2009
Kinetics of Reaction-Crystallization of Struvite in the Continuous Draft Tube Magma Type Crystallizers-Influence of Different Internal Hydrodynamics
A laboratory-scale reaction-crystallization process of struvite synthesis from diluted water solution of Mg2+, NH4+ and PO43- ions was studied. The research covered the tests of two original constructions of continuous jet-pump Draft Tube Magma (DTM)-type crystallizers with internal circulation of suspension (upward/downward). Interactions between constructional, hydrodynamic and kinetic factors were established and discussed. Nucleation and linear growth rates of struvite crystals were calculated on the basis of population density distribution. Kinetic model of idealized Mixed Suspension Mixed Product Removal (MSMPR) crystallizer considering the size-dependent growth mechanism was applied (Rojkowski hyperbolic equation). For comparison purposes the kinetic data corresponded to a simpler, continuous draft tube-type crystallizer equipped with propeller agitator were analyzed. It was concluded that crystal product of larger size was withdrawn from the jet-pump DTM crystallizer of the descending flow of suspension in a mixing chamber.
Keywords:reaction-crystallization;struvite;phosphorus recycling;nucleation;crystals growth;DTM MSMPR crystallizers;size-dependent growth kinetics;liquid jet pump;propeller agitator