Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.390, No.2, 252-257, 2009
Effects of PI3K catalytic subunit and Akt isoform deficiency on mTOR and p70S6K activation in myoblasts
The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway is critical for cellular growth and survival in skeletal muscle, and is activated in response to growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). We found that in C2C12 myoblasts, deficiency of PI3K p110 catalytic subunits or Akt isoforms had distinct effects on phosphorylation of mTOR and p70S6K. siRNA-mediated knockdown of PI3K p110 alpha, p110 beta, and simultaneous knockdown of p110 alpha and p110 beta resulted in increased basal and IGF-I-stimulated phosphorylation of mTOR S2448 and p70S6K T389; however, phosphorylation of S6 was reduced in p110 beta-deficient cells, possibly due to reductions in total S6 protein. We found that IGF-I-stimulated Akt1 activity was enhanced in Akt2- or Akt3-deficient cells, and that knockdown of individual Akt isoforms increased mTOR/p70S6K activation in an isoform-specific fashion. Conversely, levels of IGF-I-stimulated p70S6K phosphorylation in cells simultaneously deficient in both Akt1 and Akt3 were increased beyond those seen with loss of any single Akt isoform, suggesting an alternate, Akt-independent mechanism that activates mTOR/p70S6K. Our results collectively suggest that mTOR/p70S6K is activated in a PI3K/Akt-dependent manner, but that in the absence of p110 alpha or Akt, alternate pathway(s) may mediate activation of mTOR/p70S6K in C2C12 myoblasts. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.