화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.387, No.3, 569-574, 2009
Sufu recruits GSK3 beta for efficient processing of Gli3
Hedgehog (Hh) signaling activates the transcription factor Gli by suppressing the function of the suppressor of fused (Sufu) protein in mammals. Here, a novel role of mammalian Sufu is identified where it mediates ;the phosphorylation of Gli3 by GSK3 beta. essential for Gli3 processing to generate a transcriptional repressor for Hh-target genes. Studies using Sufu(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts and siRNA targeting Sufu demonstrate the requirement of Sufu for GIB processing. In addition, SUN can bind to GSK3 beta as well as Gli3, and mediates formation of the trimolecular complex Gli3/Sufu/GSK3 beta. Thus, Sufu stimulates Gli3 phosphorylation by GSK3 beta and Gli3 processing. Furthermore, Sonic Hh stimulation dissociates the Sufu/GSK3 beta complex from Gli3, resulting in the blockade of Gli3 processing. Collectively, Sufu presumably functions as a GSK3 beta recruiter for Hh-dependent regulation of Gli3 processing. Such a function is very Similar to that of Costa12 in Drosophila, suggesting a functional complementation through evolution. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.