Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.387, No.3, 531-536, 2009
Androgen-mediated apoptosis of kidney tubule cells: Role of c-Jun amino terminal kinase
The incidence and the rate of progression of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) are for most diseases greater in men than in age-matched women. We have previously shown that testosterone (T) promotes the apoptosis of proximal tubule kidney cells. To better understand the downstream signaling process associated with T-induced apoptosis, we examined the involvement Of C-Jun amino terminal kinase (JNK) in a human proximal tubule cell line (HK-2) exposed to T: JNK and its downstream effector C-Jun were rapidly phosphorylated. By blocking androgen receptor, JNK phosphorylation was reduced and 17 beta-Estradiol treatment had no effect on it. Similarly, pre-treatment with the JNK inhibitor SP600125 prevented the T-induced apoptosis, the phosphorylation of c-Jun and the upregulation of the Fas/FADD pathway. These data show that tire JNK/c-Jun pathway is directly regulated by androgens in vitro and highlight a potential mechanism explaining the reported gender differences in the progression of renal diseases. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.