Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.387, No.3, 430-434, 2009
NADPH oxidase activity in allergenic pollen grains of different plant species
Pollen is an important trigger of allergic diseases. Recent studies have shown that ragweed pollen NAD(P)H oxidase generates reactive oxygen species (RCS) and plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of allergies in mouse models. Here, we demonstrated that allergenic pollen grains showed NAD(P)H oxidase activity that differed in intensity and localization according to the plant families. The activity occurred at the surface or in the cytoplasm in pollen of grasses, birch, and ragweed; in subpollen particles released from ragweed pollen: and at the inner Surface or in the cytoplasm but not on the Outer wall, Which Was Sloughed off after the rupture, of pollen of Japanese cedar and Japanese cypress. The activity was mostly concentrated within insoluble fractions, suggesting that it facilitates the exposure Of tissues to ROS generated by this enzyme. The extent of exposure to pollen-generated ROS Could differ among the plant families. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.