Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.386, No.4, 650-655, 2009
Paradoxical effect of L-arginine: Acceleration of endothelial cell senescence
We have recently shown that inhibition of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis by asymmetrical dmethylarginine (ADMA) accelerated endothelial cell (EC) senescence which was prevented by coincubation With L-arginine: however the effect of long-term treatment of L-arginine alone on senescence of ECs have not been investigated. Human ECs were cultured in medium containing different concentrations Of L-arginine until senescence. L-Arginine paradoxically accelerated senescence indicated by inhibiting telomerase activity. Moreover, L-arginine decreased NO metabolites, increased peroxynitrite, and 8-iso-prostaglandin F2 alpha formation. In old cells. the mRNA expression of human amino acid transporter (hCAT)2B, the activity and protein expression of arginase II were upregulated indicated by enhanced urea, L-ornithine, and L-arginine consumption. Inhibition of arginase activity, or transfection with arginase II siRNA prevented L-arginine-accelerated senescence. The most possible explanation for the paradoxical acceleration of senescence by L-arginine so far may be the translational and posttranslational activation of arginase II. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.