Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.383, No.4, 386-391, 2009
Structural and functional characterization of soluble endoglin receptor
Endoglin, an accessory membrane receptor of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)1, modulates the cellular response to TGF-beta via its interaction with type I and II TGF-beta receptors. It has been considered a promising target for the development of therapeutics and cancer markers. We have established stable CHO cell lines that efficiently secrete soluble endoglin (s-endoglin) fused with human growth hormone. Two oligomeric forms were observed in a homogeneous preparation of s-endoglin, as a dinner and a tetramer. The dimeric s-endoglin enhanced TGF-beta responsiveness in U937 cells, thus proving its potential for therapeutic applications. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments revealed elongated conformations of both dimeric and tetrameric s-endoglins in solution, suggesting that s-endoglin might undergo conformational adaptations upon TGF-beta binding. The current results provide important references and material for high-resolution structural studies and for medical applications of s-endoglin. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.