Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.383, No.3, 358-362, 2009
UV light induces premature senescence in Akt1-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts by increasing intracellular levels of ROS
Akt/PKB plays a pivotal role in cell survival and proliferation. Previously, we reported that UV-irradiation induces extensive cell death in Akt2(-/-) mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) while Akt1(-/-) MEFs show cell cycle arrest. Here, we find that Akt1(-/-) MEFs exhibit phenotypic changes characteristics of senescence upon UV-irradiation. An enlarged and flattened morphology, a reduced cell proliferation and an increased senescence-associated beta-galactosidase (SA beta-gal) staining indicate that Akt1(-/-) MEFs undergo premature senescence after UV-irradiation. Restoring Akt1 expression in Akt1(-/-) MEFs suppressed SA beta-gal activity, indicating that UV-induced senescence is due to the absence of Akt1 function. Notably, levels of ROS were rapidly increased upon UV-irradiation and the ROS scavenger NAC inhibits UV-induced senescence of Akt1(-/-) MEFs, suggesting that UV light induces premature senescence in Akt1(-/-) MEFs by modulating intracellular levels of ROS. In conjunction with our previous work, this indicates that different isoforms of Akt have distinct function in response to UV-irradiation. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.