Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.382, No.3, 545-548, 2009
Diallyl sulfides in garlic activate both TRPA1 and TRPV1
We searched for novel agonists of TRP receptors especially for TRPA1 and TRPV1 in foods. We focused attention on garlic compounds, diallyl sulfide (DAS), diallyl disulfide (DADS), and diallyl trisulfide (DATS). In TRPA1 or TRPV1 heterogeneously expressed CHO cells, all of those compounds increased [Ca2+](i) in concentration-dependent manner. The EC50 values of DADS and DATS were similar to that of allyl isothiocyanate (AITC) and that of DAS was 170-fold larger than that of AITC. Maximum responses of these sulfides were equal to that of AITC. The EC50 values of these compounds for TRPV1 were around 100 mu M against that of capsaicin (CAP), 25.6 nM and maximum responses of garlic compounds were half to that of CAP. The Ca2+ responses were significantly suppressed by co-application of antagonist. We conclude that DAS. DADS, and DATS are agonist of both TRPA1 and TRPV1 but with high affinity for TRPA1. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.