Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.380, No.2, 333-337, 2009
Hepatocyte growth factor prevents multiple organ injuries in endotoxemic mice through a heme oxygenase-1-dependent mechanism
Acute renal failure (ARF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are still lethal diseases during sepsis, whereas heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) elicits a host defense response to sepsis. Herein, we provide evidence that hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) prevents ARF and ARDS via enhanced induction of HO-1. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice manifested renal and pulmonary injuries similar to those observed in septic patients, while HGF enhanced the HO-1 induction in renal tubular cells and in lung macrophages. As a result, onsets of ARF and ARDS were blocked by HGF in septic mice. Notably. an HO-1 inhibitor (SnPP) diminished the protective effects of HGF on LPS-induced organ injuries. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of HGF on up-regulation of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18 was largely restored by SnPP. This is the first report showing that "growth factor therapy" Successfully inhibits both ARDS and ARF during endotoxemia, partially via HO-1-dependent suppression of hyper-cytokinemia. (c) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All Fights reserved.