Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.378, No.4, 826-831, 2009
The nucleotide analogue 3-deazaadenosine prevents neointima-formation after balloon injury
We have recently shown that 3-deazaadenosine (c3Ado) inhibits atherogenesis in mice. We studied whether its anti-inflammatory capacity would also affect neointima-formation after balloon injury. Sprague Dawley rats underwent balloon angioplasty. C3Ado was administered orally, starting 5 days prior to the balloon injury and continued for 2 weeks. Fourteen days after balloon injury the intima/media ratio in the c3Ado-treated group was reduced by 67% (p < 0.001) and luminal stenosis by 50% (p < 0 001) Neointimal cellular density was decreased by 25% (p < 0.001) and the induction of c-Jun and ki67 was markedly lower. The reduction of the intima/media ratio was still observed 3 months after balloon injury. Furthermore, a c3Ado-dependent inhibition of PDGF-mediated ERK-activation and proliferation could be demonstrated. Short-term administration of C3Ado inhibits neointima-formation in rats for at least 3 months after injury. The present findings implicate that c3Ado may be useful as an inhibitor of restenosis-formation after balloon angioplasty in humans. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.