Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.378, No.4, 810-815, 2009
Arabidopsis cytosolic Nbp35 homodimer can assemble both [2Fe-2S] and [4Fe-4S] clusters in two distinct domains
Iron-sulfur proteins play physiologically important roles in a variety of metabolic processes in eukaryotes. In plants, iron-sulfur cluster biosynthesis is known to take place both in mitochondria and chloroplasts. However no components that mediate iron-sulfur cluster delivery in the plant cell cytosol have been identified so far. Here we report identification and characterization of a cytosolic Nbp35 homolog named AtNbp35 from Arabidopsis thaliana. AtNbp35-deficient Arabidopsis mutants were seedling lethal. Unlike the previously characterized yeast ScNbp35 which forms a heterotetramer with ScCfd1, AtNbp35 forms a homodimer in the cytosol and can harbor both [4Fe-4S] and [2Fe-2S] clusters on its amino- and carboxyl-terminal domains, respectively. Taken together, our data suggest that Nbp35 plays a pivotal role in iron-sulfur cluster assembly and delivery in the plant cell cytosol as a bifunctional molecular scaffold. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.