Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.376, No.2, 434-438, 2008
Rottlerin activates AMPK possibly through LKB1 in vascular cells and tissues
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a cellular energy sensor involved in multiple cell signaling pathways that has become an attractive therapeutic target for vascular diseases. It is not clear whether rottlerin, an inhibitor of protein kinase C delta, activates AMPK in vascular cells and tissues. In the present study, we have examined the effect of rottlerin on AMPK in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and isolated rabbit aorta. Rottlerin reduced cellular ATP and activated AMPK in VSMCs and rabbit aorta; however, inhibition of PKC delta by three different methods did not activate AMPK. Both VSMCs and rabbit aorta expressed the upstream AMPK kinase LKB1 protein, and rottlerin-induced AMPK activation was decreased in VSMCs by overexpression of dominant-negative LKB1, suggesting that LKB1 is involved in the upstream regulation of AMPK stimulated by rottlerin. These data suggest for the first time that LKB1 mediates rottlerin-induced activation of AMPK in vascular cells and tissues. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.