Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.374, No.3, 570-575, 2008
Modulation of PLAGL2 transactivation activity by Ubc9 co-activation not SUMOylation
Pleomorphic adenoma gene like-2 (PLAGL2), a developmentally regulated and stress inducible zinc finger protein can be post-translationally modified by small ubiquitin-like modifier peptide (SUMO-1); and SUMOylation attenuates PLAGL2 activity on the interactive promoter. Since PLAGL2 was a transactivator of the surfactant protein-C (SP-C) promoter, we hypothesized that SUMOylation down-regulated PLAGL2-activated SP-C promoter activity. Unexpectedly, the SUMO-conjugating enzyme Ubc9 enhanced, rather than reduced, PLAGL2 activated promoter activity but did not affect TTF-1 activation of the promoter. Ubc9 mutant (Ubc9-C93S) defective in SUMO-conjugating activity also enhanced PLAGL2-driven Promoter activity suggesting that the stimulatory effect of Ubc9 on SP-C promoter activation was independent of its enzymatic function. PLAGL2 mutants without the K250 and/or K269 SUMOylation sites did not further improve PLAGL2 programmed transcription nor did they abolish Ubc9 enhanced promoter activity supporting the SUMOylation-independent mechanism. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChlP) assay demonstrated the association of PLAGL2 and Ubc9 with the SP-C promoter in vivo, Taken together, Our data suggests that Ubc9 can function as a co-factor of PLAGL2, uncoupling from its enzymatic activity, to mediate PLAGL2 interactive SP-C promoter activity. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.