Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.372, No.1, 73-77, 2008
Ceftiofur impairs pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion through the inhibition of the activation of NF-kappa B and MAPK
Ceftiofur is a new broad-spectrum, third-generation cephalosporin antibiotic for veterinary use. Immuno-pharmacological studies can provide new information on the immunomodulatory activities of some drugs, including their effect on cytokine productions For this reason, we investigated the effect of ceftiofur on cytokine productions in vitro. We found that ceftiofur can downregulate tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and interleukin-6 (IL-6), but did not affect interleukin-10 (IL-10) production. We further investigated signal transduction mechanisms to determine how ceftiofur affects. RAW 264.7 cells were pretreated with 1, 5, or 10 mg/L of ceftiofur 1 h prior to treatment with 1 mg/L of LPS. Thirty minutes later, cells were harvested and mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPKs) activation was measured by Western blot. Alternatively, cells were fixed and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) activation was measured using immunocytochemical analysis. Signal transduction studies showed that ceftiofur significantly inhibited extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), p38, and c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation protein expression. Ceftiofur also inhibited p65-NF-kappa B translocation into the nucleus. Therefore, ceftiofur may inhibit LPS-induced production of inflammatory cytokines by blocking NF-kappa B and MAPKs signaling in RAW264.7 cells. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.