Applied Surface Science, Vol.255, No.5, 1888-1893, 2008
Stereoregular polyacrylamide and its copolymer brushes: Preparation and surface characters
Two kinds of polymer brushes, the single one with stereospecific polyacrylamide ( PAAM) chains and the dual-component one with random poly( methyl methacrylate) ( PMMA) segments grafting from stereospecific PAAM chains, were prepared on silicon wafer for the. first time by combining the immobilization of initiator and the stereospecific living radical in situ polymerization. With the addition of the Lewis acid AlCl3 into the polymerization system, the PAAM brushes obtained exhibited an increased stereospecificity as well as a decreased hydrophilicity, which might attribute to the reduced thickness of PAAM brushes on the silicon wafer and the handicap of the free rotation of the stereospecific molecular chain. The smoother surface morphology of the stereospecific PAAM brushes shown in AFM images was in good agreement with the experimental data of water contact angle. Also, block amphiphilic copolymer brushes were prepared with the stereospecific PAAM formed. first on silicon wafer as the anchored-initiator and revealed a novel surface self-assembly behavior after being treated with different solvent such as toluene or water. The stereospecificity of PAAM chains in the polymer brushes could be modulated by adjusting reaction conditions according to the requirement of applications for surface hydrophilicity. (C) 2008 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.