Applied Surface Science, Vol.255, No.2, 361-364, 2008
Chondroitin sulfate template-mediated biomimetic synthesis of nano-flake hydroxyapatite
By Ca(NO3)(2)center dot 4H(2)O and (NH4)(3)PO4 center dot 3H(2)O as reagents and chondroitin sulfate (ChS) as a template, nano-flake hydroxyapatite ( HA) is synthesized using a biomimetic method according to the biomineralization theory. HA crystals obtained are characterized in crystalline phase, microstructure, chemical composition and morphology by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscope (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and elemental analysis respectively. UV-vis spectrum is adopted to investigate interactions between functional groups ChS and HA. The results show that HA crystal nucleation and growth take place in chemical interactions between HA crystals and ChS as a template. And elemental analysis indicates that obtained HA contains a small amount of ChS. Furthermore, ChS concentration significantly affects the morphology of HA crystals. Staple-fiber-like HA crystals can be obtained at a low concentration in ChS, and flake-like HA crystals synthesized at a high concentration (>= 0.5 wt.%) of ChS as a template. (c) 2008 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.