Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.90, No.3-4, 489-496, 2009
Catalytic combustion of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) over zeolite type catalysts: Effect of water and PAHs concentration
The catalytic combustion of 1-methylnaphthalene (1-MN), a PAH representative molecule, was carried out over USHY and 0.8%PtUSHY catalysts in presence of steam. These catalysts are able to transform low concentration of 1-MN into carbon dioxide at 300 degrees C over USHY catalyst and at 200 degrees C over PtUSHY, without by-products formation. The presence of platinum on the USHY increases the catalytic activity, hence the reaction rate. The influence of platinum content showed that 0.5% of platinum deposited on the zeolite was sufficient to oxidize 900 ppm of 1-MN at 300 degrees C. The influence of water content in the feed was investigated and several assumptions were put forth to explain our results. The carbon dioxide yield decreases in the 0-12% range of relative humidity (RH). When RH increases up to 12% the carbon dioxide yield increases. Over USHY catalyst and for low water content (RH < 12%), water could be adsorbed over strong hydrophylic sites of USHY zeolite or via H2O dimer (neutral complex form) formation, Over PtUSHY catalysts, water adsorption over the PtO phase could be considered. For high water content (RH > 12%), water cluster formation via H2O dimer (ion-pair complex form) is proposed on both catalysts. This form of H2O dimer (ion-pair complex) could generate an acidity, which facilitates the formation of oxygenated compounds easily degradable into carbon dioxide. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.