Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.63, No.17, 4292-4301, 2008
Evaluation of density-based models for the solubility of solids in supercritical carbon dioxide and formulation of a new model
Many models have been developed to calculate supercritical solubility behavior and most can be either a semi-empirical relationship or based on an equation of state. In this work. density-based, semi-empirical models were evaluated in terms of their ability to accurately correlate solid solubility in supercritical carbon dioxide. The models considered were the methods of Chrastil, del Valle and Aguilera, Adachi and Lu, Mendez-Santiago and Teja, and Bartle. Six binary systems (solid + supercritical carbon dioxide), each with three isotherms, were selected for this evaluation. The average error was calculated for all 18 isotherms with each of the models evaluated. The solid compounds used in this study were naphthalene, anthracene, fluorene, hydroquinone, 1,5-naphthalenediamine. and cholesterol. The solubility data were obtained from literature. Of the previously mentioned models, the Adachi-Lu and del Valle-Aguilera equations provided, in general. lower average error than the other models. Since the Adachi-Lu equation and the del Valle-Aguilera equation correct for different effects, a new model is proposed in this work as a combination of the previous two methods. The proposed equation provided the least overall average error compared to all other models considered in this study. The new model is particularly useful when the reduced density of the solvent is below I where previous models tend to fail. This work also emphasizes on the advantages of expressing density-based models in dimensionless form to avoid dimensional inconsistencies in Chrastil-type models. One of the benefits, for example, is that parameters obtained by different authors can be readily compared, regardless of the units used. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.