Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.154, No.1-3, 756-765, 2008
The characterization of PCDDs, PCDFs and coplanar PCBs during the past 50 years in Gwangyang Bay, South Korea
The PCDD/DFs and coplanar PCBs (co-PCBs) in sediment samples from Gwangyang Bay in South Korea was investigated. The total concentration of dioxins and their toxic equivalent quantity (TEQ; calculated with the WHO 2005 Toxic Equivalency Factors) value in the surface sediment of the outer site (261 pg g(-1) TOC, 4.4 pg-TEQ g(-1)) were 3-fold higher than the inner site (90 pg g(-1) TOC, 1.1 pg-TEQ g(-1)) in the Bay. The dioxin in the sediment samples was found to come from a mixture of the impurities of pentachlorophenol (PCP), chloronitrofen (CNP) and combustion based on the result of hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA). These dioxin sources have been influenced by the characterization associated with this region which was both an agricultural-centered and industrial-centered area. According to principal component analysis (PCA) related to the K-ow values for the congener-specific composition of co-PCBs in the sediment core, the Kanechlor (KC)-500 and the atmospheric deposition were identified as the possible sources. The maximum burden in the sediment core was 1.3 kg for 1967-1974 and the total burdens of PCDD/DFs and co-PCBs in the sediment core were estimated to be 6.6 kg during the past 50 years. The cumulative burdens of dioxin are still increasing in Gwangyang Bay. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.