Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.369, No.3, 948-952, 2008
Involvement of aldolase A in X-ray resistance of human HeLa and UV-1 cells
To find novel proteins involved in radio-resistance of human cells, we searched for nuclear proteins, sional differential gel electrophoresis following mass spectrometry. We identified 6 proteins, whose levels were increased in nuclei 24 h after irradiation at 5 Gy, including aldolase A. Nuclear aldolase A levels increased twofold after the irradiation, however, total aldolase A levels did not change. When the expression of aldolase A was suppressed by its specific siRNA, sensitization of the suppressed cells to X-ray-induced cell death was observed. In addition, UVr-1 cells with higher aldolase A expression exhibited lower sensitivity to X-ray-induced cell death than the parental RSa cells with lower aldolase A expression. These results suggest that aldolase A may play a role in the radio-response of human cells, probably in nuclei, in addition to its glycolytic role in the cytosol. (c) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.