화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.369, No.1, 195-207, 2008
Personal recollections on the discovery of the ryanodine receptors of muscle
The intracellular Ca2+ release channels are indispensable molecular machinery in practically all eukaryotic cells of multicellular animals. They serve a key role in cell signaling by way of Ca2+ as a second messenger. In response to a signaling event, the channels release Ca2+ from intracellular stores. The resulting rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration triggers the cell to carry out its specialized role, after which the intracellular Ca2+ concentration must be reduced so that the signaling event can again be repeated. There are two types of intracellular Ca2+ release channels, i.e., the ryanodine receptors and the inositol triphosphate receptors. My focus in this minireview is to present a personal account, from the vantage point our laboratory, of the discovery, isolation, and characterization of the ryanodine receptors from mammalian muscle. There are three isoforms: ryanodine receptor 1 (RyR1), first isolated from rabbit fast twitch skeletal muscle; ryanodine receptor 2 (RyR2), first isolated from dog heart; and ryanodine receptor 3 (RyR3), first isolated from bovine diaphragm muscle. The ryanodine receptors are the largest channel structures known. The RyR isoforms are very similar albeit with important differences. Natural mutations in humans in these receptors have already been associated with a number of muscle diseases. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.