Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.367, No.3, 603-608, 2008
Effects of dimethyl sulfoxide and dexamethasone on mRNA expression of housekeeping genes in cultures of C2C12 myotubes
We used quantitative real-time RT-PCR to investigate the effects of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and dexamethasone (Dex) on the mRNA expression levels of the housekeeping genes beta-actin (ACTB), glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH), beta-glucuronidase (GUSB), hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1 (HPRT1), phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1), peptidylprolyl isomerase A (PPIA), and transferrin receptor (TFRC) in cultures of C2C12 myotubes. The ratios of ACTB mRNA levels to the HPRT1 mRNA level in C2C12 cells that were differentiating from myoblast cells to myotubes decreased from 0 to 120 h of culture, whereas the ratios of TFRC rnRNA levels to the HPRT1 mRNA level increased from 0 to 120 h of culture. The ratios of GAPDH, GUSB, PGK1, and PPIA mRNA levels to the HPRT1 mRNA level remained constant from 0 to 120 h of culture. All housekeeping gene mRNA levels were unaffected by exposure to DMSO concentrations of 0.1% or less. The GAPDH mRNA level was increased by Dex, while the ACTB and PGK1 mRNA levels were significantly decreased by Dex. The GUSB, PPIA, and TFRC mRNA levels were unaffected by exposure to Dex. GUSB, HPRT1, and PPIA are thus suitable internal controls for evaluating mRNA expression levels in cultures of C2C12 cells. (C) 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.