Composite Interfaces, Vol.15, No.2-3, 301-319, 2008
Interfacial adhesion of cellulose fiber and natural fiber filled polypropylene compounds and their effects on rheological and mechanical properties
Rayon fiber (RN) and pine wood fiber (PW) filled polypropylene (PP) compounds, PP/RN (90/05 and 75/25 wt%) and PP/PW (90/05, 75/25 and 50150 wt%), are investigated for their interfacial adhesion, rheological properties, morphology, nucleation and mechanical properties. The interfacial adhesion of the RN-filled PP compounds is better than that of the PW ones. As the concentration of the RN and the PW particles is increased, the dynamic viscosity, the crystallization temperature, and the tensile modulus are increased; however, the tensile strain is decreased. The viscosity of the RN-filled compounds is higher than that of the PW ones at the same loadings. Significant differences are found in the elongation yield test. As the concentration of the particles is increased, the elongation yield stress of the RN compounds is increased. Elongation yield stress of the PW compounds is decreased and more spherulites are locally developed on the RN surface than the PW surface. The interfacial adhesion of the RN surface with PP is better than that of the PW surface. The elimination of extractives on the PW surface improves the mechanical property of the PW/PP compounds; however, it reduces processability of the PW/PP compounds.