Applied Surface Science, Vol.254, No.9, 2882-2888, 2008
Studies on surface modification of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) film by remote and direct Ar plasma
Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) surfaces are modified with remote and direct Ar plasma, and the effects of the modification on the hydrophilicity of PTFE are investigated. The surface microstructures and compositions of the PTFE film were characterized with the goniometer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results show that the remote and direct plasma treatments modify the PTFE surface in morphology and composition, and both modifications cause surface oxidation of PTFE films, in the forming of some polar functional groups enhancing polymer wettability. When the remote and direct Ar plasma treats PTFE film, the contact angles decrease from the untreated 108-58 degrees and 65.2 degrees, respectively. The effect of the remote Ar plasma is more noticeable. The role of all kinds of active species, e. g. electrons, ions and free radicals involved in plasma surface modification is further evaluated. This shows that remote Ar plasma can restrain the ion and electron etching reaction and enhance radical reaction. (c) 2007 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.