화학공학소재연구정보센터
Electrochimica Acta, Vol.53, No.19, 5766-5773, 2008
Influence of electrodeposition techniques on Ni nanostructures
Different Ni nanostructure arrays were fabricated by pulsed electrodeposition from a Watts bath inside the pores of anodic alumina membrane (AAM) templates. Under a trapezoidal waveform of potential, consisting of fast linear sweeps between 0 and -3 V (SCE) interleaved by delay times at 0 (10 s) and -3 V (0.1 s), Ni nanowires were grown. The rate of nanowires growth was constant up to 60 min of deposition. For longer times, the growth of nanowires was not uniform, and after about 180 min some nanowires reached the template surface exposed to the electrolyte. Under square potential pulses between the same potentials (pulse length 1 s), nanotubes of Ni are obtained. Morphological analysis of these nanostructures at different lengths revealed that the inner profile of nanotubes evolved from cylindrical to conical with increasing deposition time. The possibility to grow either nanowires or nanotubes in dependence of the potential waveform, as well as the growth rate of nanostructures were discussed taking into account the reaction of hydrogen evolution, occurring simultaneously with Ni electrodeposition. (C) 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.