Catalysis Today, Vol.132, No.1-4, 46-51, 2008
Characterization of acidic property of sulfo-group functionalized microporous and mesoporous silica by adsorption microcalorimetry
Sulfo-group functionalized microporous and mesoporous silica based-on a MCM-41 framework which showed solid acid property were synthesized and characterized by adsorption microcalorimetry. Both the sulfo-functionalized microporous and mesoporous silica (Micro-SO3H and MeSO-SO3H) were prepared by the oxidation of thiol group (-SH) included mesoporous silica which was obtained through the hydrolysis and co-condensation of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) and mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane (MPTMS). The samples have an ordered two-dimensional hexagonal pore array similar to that of MCM-41 as depicted from the XRD patterns. Nitrogen adsorption also shows that both microporous and mesoporous silica have pore characteristics similar to MCM-4 1, i.e. high surface area and high pore volume. However, pore regularity, surface area and pore volume decreased as the MPTMS loading increased. Solid-state Si-29 NMR indicated that the sulfo groups were successfully incorporated into both microporous and mesoporous silica frameworks. This sulfo-functionalized porous silica have high NH3 uptakes and high differential heats of NH3 adsorption, suggesting the presence of strong acidic suffo groups on the silica surface. Acid catalyses of the samples were characterized by the isomerization reaction of but-1-ene to cis, trans-but-2-ene. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.