Applied Catalysis A: General, Vol.333, No.1, 96-106, 2007
Supported metallocene on mesoporous materials
A series of hybrid supported catalysts was prepared by sequentially grafting Cp2ZrCl2 and (nBuCp)(2)ZrCl2 (1:3 ratio) onto alumino-silicates (MCM-41, SBA-15, MCM-22, ITQ-2), alumina and chrysotiles (native and leached). Supports and catalysts were characterized by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, atomic force microscopy and nitrogen adsorption. Grafted metal content laid between 0.2 and 0.8 wt.% Zr/SiO2 and 0.9 wt.% Zr/Al2O3. All the systems were shown to be active in ethylene polymerization with methylaluminoxane as the cocatalyst. Catalyst activity and molecular weight were shown to depend on the textural characteristic of the silicas, namely grain size and pore diameter. The highest activity in ethylene polymerization (ca. 3200 kg PE mol Zr-1 h(-1)) was obtained with the supported catalyst using SBA-15 with average particle size around 0.21 mu m. Resulting polymers were characterized by get permeation chromatography and differential scanning calorimetry. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.