Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.108, No.1, 483-490, 2008
Phosphonic acid functionalized polyethylene glycol and derivatives
This article describes the functionalization of polyethylene glycol, mono or bifunctional, and a nonionic surfactant by phosphonic acids without the need for protection of the functional group. The functionalization is performed in two steps, first an esterification by thioglycolic acid, secondly a radical addition of vinyl phosphonic acid on the thiol group. All products were obtained quantitatively and characterized by H-1-, C-13-, P-31-NMR spectroscopy techniques, MALDI, and step-by-step chemical titrations. Enhanced thermal properties were found while phosphonylating polyethylene glycol, particularly when the sulfur atom was oxidized into a sulfone group. (C) 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.