Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.107, No.3, 2007-2014, 2008
The effect of the interface structure of different surface-modified nano-SiO2 on the mechanical properties of nylon 66 composites
The nylon 66-based nanocomposites containing two different surface-modified and unmodified SiO2 nanoparticles were prepared by melt compounding. The interface structure formed in different composite system and their influences on material mechanical properties were investigated. The results indicated that the interfacial interactions differed between composite systems. The strong interfacial adhesion helped to increase tensile strength and elastic modulus of composites; whereas, the presence of modification layer in silica surface could enhance the toughness of composites, but the improvement of final material toughness was also correlated with the density of the adhered nylon 66 chains around silica nanoparticles. In addition, the results also indicated that the addition of surface-modified silica nanoparticles has a distinct influence on the nonisothermal crystallization behavior of the nylon 66 matrix when compared with the unmodified silica nanoparticle. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.