Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A, Vol.25, No.4, 1038-1041, 2007
Synthesis of In2O3 nanocrystal chains and annealing effect on their optical properties
The authors reported the synthesis of indium oxide nanocrystal chains on silicon substrates using gold nanoparticles as catalyst on native silicon dioxide. Scanning electron microscopy investigations showed that In2O3 nanocrystal chains were formed. The nanocrystal chains comprised many well shaped octahedron nanoparticles with their size ranging from 20 to 100 nm connected with each other to form a network. Both high resolution transmission, electron microscopy and diffraction pattern revealed that the In2O3 nanocrystal chains were single crystalline grown along the  direction. Photoluminescence study of In2O3 nanocrystal chains exhibited main photoemission at 544 nm due to the recombination between electrons in localized state induced by oxygen vacancies and holes in valence band. After the annealing treatment, the main photoluminescence peak not only slightly redshifted to 558 nm but also became narrower, which was attributed to the total localized state away from the conduction band caused by less defect distribution. (c) 2007 American Vacuum Society.