Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.365, No.3, 503-508, 2008
Insulin facilitates monocyte migration: A possible link to tissue inflammation in insulin-resistance
Mononuclear cells (MNCs) are the primary cell type involved in the pro-inflammatory state of obesity-linked insulin-resistance, and atherosclerosis. increased serum levels of MMP-9 are reported in insulin-resistant type 2 diabetic patients. Here we demonstrate insulin facilitating human monocytic THP-1 cell chemotaxis via prolonged Erk1/2-dependent induction of MMP-9. In vivo, significantly increased serum levels of MMP-9 were found in obesity-induced hyperinsulinemic C57BL/J6 mice, which were diminished by treatment with the anti-diabetic PPAR gamma-ligand pioglitazone. In line with this, pioglitazone inhibited Erk1/2-phosphorylation and subsequent insulin-dependent MMP-9 synthesis in THP-1 cells. Thus, insulin increases MMP-9 gelatinolytic activity in monocytic cells, which results in accelerated chemotaxis. Hyperinsulinemia is associated with enhanced MMP-9 serum levels, potentially facilitating monocyte migration to and infiltration of adipose tissue and the arterial wall, thereby contributing to the increased cardiovascular risk in obese, hyperinsulinemic patients. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.