Bioresource Technology, Vol.99, No.3, 463-471, 2008
Implication of mycelium-associated laccase from Irpex lacteus in the decolorization of synthetic dyes
The white rot fungus Irpex lacteus is able to decolorize such synthetic dyes as Reactive Orange 16 and Remazol Brilliant Blue R. Here, we demonstrate that this type of dye decolorization is mainly related to a laccase-like enzyme activity associated with fungal mycelium. In its bound form, the enzyme detected showed a pH optimum of 3.0 for the oxidation of ABTS, DMP and guaiacol, and a pH of 7.0 for syringaldazine. The highest enzymatic activity was obtained with ABTS as substrate. Enzyme activity was fully inhibited with 50 mM NaN3. Depending on the chemical structure of dyes, redox mediators had a positive effect on the dye decolorization by fungal mycelium. Enzyme isolated from fungal mycelium was able to decolorize synthetic dyes in vitro. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.