Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.361, No.4, 934-940, 2007
Functional role of stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1) in vascular smooth muscle cells
We investigated the functional role of STIM1, a Ca2+ sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) that regulates store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). STIM1 was mainly localized at the ER and plasma membrane. The knockdown of STIM1 expression by small interfering (si) RNA drastically decreased SOCE. In contrast, an EF-hand mutant of STIM1, STIM1(E87A), produced a marked increase in SOCE, which was abolished by co-transfection with siRNA to transient receptor potential canonical 1 (TRPC1). In addition, transfection. with siRNA against STIM1 suppressed phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein (CREB) and cell growth. These results suggest that STIM1 is an essential component of SOCE and that it is involved in VSMC proliferation. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.