Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.361, No.4, 903-909, 2007
How pantothenol intervenes in Coenzyme-A biosynthesis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Coenzyme A is an indispensable cofactor for all organisms and holds a central position in a number of pathways. Prokaryotic enzymes involved in the synthesis of CoA are quite different from their mammalian counterparts; hence, they are good targets for the development of antimicrobials to treat many diseases. There are antimicrobials that act by inhibiting CoA biosynthesis. It has been suggested that pantothenol exhibits antibacterial activity by competitively inhibiting pantothenate kinase, a key regulatory enzyme for CoA synthesis. Contrary to these suggestions, in this paper, we demonstrate that pantothenol acts as a substrate for Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Escherichia coli pantothenate kinases. The product, 4'-phosphopantothenol, thus formed inhibits competitively the utilization of 4'-phosphopantothenate by CoaBC. Thus, it is the failure of CoaBC to utilize 4'-phosphopantothenol as a substrate that accounts for the bactericidal activity of pantothenol. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.