Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.361, No.2, 474-480, 2007
Hop/STI1 modulates retinal proliferation and cell death independent of PrPC
Hop/STI1 is a co-chaperone adaptor protein for Hsp70/Hsp90 complexes. Hop/STI1 is found extracellularly and modulates cell death and differentiation through interaction with the prion protein (PrPc). Here, we investigated the expression of hop/STI1 and its role upon cell proliferation and cell death in the developing retina. Hop/STI1 is more expressed in developing rat retina than in the mature tissue. Hop/STI1 blocks retinal cell death in the neuroblastic layer (NBL) in a PrPC dependent manner, but failed to protect ganglion cells against axotomy-induced cell death. An antibody raised against hop/STI1 (alpha-STI1) blocked both ganglion cell and NBL cell death independent of PrPc. cAMP/PKA, ERK, P13K and PKC signaling pathways were not involved in these effects. Hop/STI1 treatment reduced proliferation, while alpha-STI1 increased proliferation in the developing retina, both independent of PrPc. We conclude that hop/STI1 can modulate both proliferation and cell death in the developing retina independent of PrPc. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.