Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.360, No.4, 728-734, 2007
Cloning and characterization of BmK86, a novel K+-channel blocker from scorpion venom
Scorpion venom represents a tremendous hitherto unexplored resource for understanding ion channels. BmK86 is a novel K+-channel toxin gene isolated from a cDNA library of Mesobuthus martensii Karsch, which encodes a signal peptide of 22 amino acid residues and a mature toxin of 35 residues with three disulfide bridges. The genomic sequence of BmK86 consists of two exons disrupted by an intron of 72 bp. Comparison with the other scorpion toxins BmK86 shows low sequence similarity. The GST-BmK86 fusion protein was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli. The fusion protein was cleaved by enterokinase and the recombinant BmK86 was purified by HPLC. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording, the recombinant BmK86 was found to inhibit the potassium current of mKv1.3 channel expressed in COS7 cells. These results indicated that BmK86 belongs to a representative member of a novel subfamily of alpha-KTxs. The systematic number assigned to BmK86 is alpha-KTx26.1. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.