Applied Surface Science, Vol.253, No.22, 8811-8817, 2007
Electrocatalytic oxidation of formaldehyde on platinum well-dispersed into single-wall carbon nanotube/polyaniline composite film
Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs)/polyaniline (PANI) composite films with good uniformity and dispersion were prepared by electrochemical polymerization of aniline containing well-dissolved SWNTs. The composite films were dispersed Pt by electrodeposition technique. The presence of SWNTs and platinum in the composite film was confirmed by XRD analysis and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Four-point probe investigation and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) revealed that the well arrangement of PANI coated SWNTs in these films enhanced electric conductivity and facilitated the charge-transfer of the composite films. Cyclic voltammogram (CV) and chronoamperogram showed that Pt-modified SWNT/PANI composite film performs higher electrocatalytic activity and better long-term stability than Pt-modified pure PANI film toward formaldehyde oxidation. The results imply that the SWNT/PANI composite film as a promising support material improves the electrocatalytic activity for formaldehyde oxidation greatly. (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier B.V.
Keywords:single-walled carbon nanotubes;polyaniline;composite film;formaldehyde electrooxidation;electrocatalytic activity