Applied Surface Science, Vol.253, No.18, 7360-7364, 2007
Fabrication of waveguides in Yb : YCOB crystal by MeV oxygen ion implantation
Oxygen ions with energies of 6.0 or 3.0 MeV were implanted into y-cut Yb:YCOB crystals at fluences ranging from 5.0 x 10(13) to 2.0 x 10(15) ions/cm(2) at room temperature, forming optical planar waveguide structures. Dark-mode line spectroscopy was applied at two wavelengths, 633 and 1539 nm, in various excitation configurations, showing strong enhancement of one of the indices (n(x)) in the implanted near surface. The n(x) refractive index profile is reconstructed by a reflectivity calculation method and compared to the ion energy losses profiles deduced from SRIM-code simulation. Moreover, the near-field patterns were imaged by an end-fire coupling arrangement. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.