Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Vol.45, No.15, 2097-2112, 2007
Graphitic nanofillers in PMMA nanocomposites - An investigation of particle size influence on nanocomposite and dispersion and their properties
Mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of graphite/PMMA composites have been evaluated as functions of particle size and dispersion of the graphitic nanofiller components via the use of three different graphitic nanofillers: "as received graphite" (ARG), "expanded graphite," (EG) and "graphite nanoplatelets" (GNPs) EG, a graphitic materials with much lower density than ARG, was prepared from ARG flakes via an acid intercalation and thermal expansion. Subsequent sonication of EG in a liquid yielded GNPs as thin stacks of graphitic platelets with thicknesses of similar to 10 nm. Solution-based processing was used to prepare PMMA composites with these three fillers. Dynamic mechanical analysis, thermal analysis, and electrical impedance measurements were carried out on the resulting composites, demonstrating that reduced particle size, high surface area, and increased surface roughness can significantly alter the graphite/polymer interface and enhance the mechanical, thermal, and electrical properties of the polymer matrix. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Keywords:electrical properties;mechanical properties;nanocomposite;nanoparticles;PMMA;particle size distribution;thermal properties