화학공학소재연구정보센터
Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol.111, No.26, 7501-7518, 2007
Structural investigations on the hydrolysis and condensation behavior of pure and chemically modified alkoxides. 1. Transition metal (Hf and Ta) alkoxides
Structural investigations on the hydrolysis and condensation behavior of hafnium and tantalum alkoxides were for the first time performed by means of X-ray absorption fine structure and Raman spectroscopy. The studies reveal that both of the alkoxides are dimeric in nature and instantaneously undergo hydrolysis and condensation reactions upon the addition of water. The results indicate that the chemical reaction of the alkoxides with acetylacetone occurs immediately with an increase from 6- to 8-fold coordination around the metal. As a consequence of the coordination by a bidentate ligand, hydrolysis and condensation reactions are hindered in solutions of the chemically modified Hf((OBu)-Bu-n)(4) and Ta(OEt)(5). Furthermore, the investigations demonstrate that the structure of metal alkoxides is not altered after mixing with prehydrolyzed silicon tetraethoxide, and even after 48 h, both of the species remain as separate entities in the mixture. The addition of water to this mixture starts the hydrolysis and condensation reactions instantaneously and leads to the formation of a M-O-M homocondensation product due to the different reactivity of the two alkoxides.