Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol.105, No.6, 3578-3587, 2007
Functionalization of industrial polypropylene films via the swift-heavy-ion-induced grafting of glycidyl methacrylate
Swift-silver-ion irradiation was explored as a means of forming chemically active sites on the surface of biaxially oriented polypropylene films. The active species, formed in air, was used to induce the graft copolymerization of glycidyl methacrylate in an aqueous solution. The surface structure, crystallinity, morphology, and hydrophilicity of the grafted samples were characterized with Fourier transform infrared, UV, wide-angle X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and contact-angle measurements. Glycidyl methacrylate could be grafted onto biaxially oriented polypropylene after swift-heavy-ion irradiation without an additional initiator. The contact angle of the modified films decreased with the grafting percentage of glycidyl methacrylate on the polypropylene. The swift silver ions induced significant grafting only in small regions (i.e., the latent tracks) of the polymer. Furthermore, as the fluence of swift heavy ions increased beyond an optimum value, the overlapping of the latent tracks reduced the grafting yield. The observed findings could be very useful in developing an initiator-free grafting system. (c) 2007 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.