Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.62, No.13, 3473-3493, 2007
A critical review of the complex pressure fluctuation phenomenon in gas-solids fluidized beds
The complex pressure fluctuation phenomenon in gas-solid fluidized beds is systematically examined in this paper based on a comprehensive review of the literature data. The local pressure fluctuations are composed of multiple sources, including local bubble induced fluctuations, global bed oscillations and propagating pressure waves originating in other locations (e.g. bed surface, distributor and windbox). The interaction and coupling among bubble motion, under-damped oscillations of fluidized particles and bed surface, propagating compressible pressure waves and flow pulsation in gas-solid fluidized beds creates the complexity of local pressure fluctuations, and is likely responsible for the formation of complex but unique flow patterns. A few attempts have been reported in the literature on examining the interaction between bed oscillations, plenum chamber air pulsation and propagating pressure waves in fluidized beds, showing some promises on predicting the local pressure fluctuations. Future work should be focused on predicting local and global pressure fluctuations and the formation of unique surface flow patterns by coupling different contributing mechanisms. (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:pressure fluctuations;wave propagation;bed oscillations;pattern formation;gas-solid fluidized beds;complex systems